How To Do Framing Of A Wall?
Most modern residences have 2-by-4-inch wood walls. A typical wall features horizontal plates and 16-inch-apart vertical studs. Doors, windows, and other openings have headers installed inside studs. Jacks, cripples, or trimmers are installed between headers and plates to support openings without full studs. Some walls need multiple studs at ends or other areas, while some have horizontal “blocking” to reinforce a wall or support cabinets.
- Start wall framing in Sydney with a good house plan depicting wall arrangement, openings, and specific features like furnace plenums or electrical boxes. Once walls are built, raise them on a driveway or slab base.
- To create the top and bottom plates, align two 2-by-4-inch boards so that the 2-inch edges are up and the ends are flush along the length of the wall. Use a tape measure, a speed square, and a pencil to identify stud placements. Using a square and pencil, draw a line across both studs 1 1/2 inches from the back of the wall to identify where the first end stud is located on the interior.
- Mark the outside of the second stud by measuring 15 1/4 inches in from the plates’ ends with a tape measure and drawing another line across both plates. Measure and mark 16-inch intervals along the length of the wall, based on that line. Make sure there is a full stud at the exterior of each window and door opening, but do not leave any gaps in between the studs.
- Connect the specified plates on a flat surface with complete studs, sometimes referred to as 8-foot studs, although they will be shorter to accommodate the plates. Use 16d framing nails as well as a hammer to secure the end studs in place through plates; hammer two nails into the ends of each stud.
- To make the wall frame square, measure from corner to corner and then tweak the rectangle until the diagonals are all the same size. Secure the square by nailing complete studs into each end, then nailing in studs at every designated interval. Any apertures marked with a stud are should be left without them.
- Set the completed door and window frames into the wall. A full stud should be placed outside of each opening at a distance equal to the intended width. Using a circular saw, cut 2-by-6-inch boards to the desired width and use them as horizontal headers for the project. Framing nails can be used to join the three pieces of plywood, oriented strand board, or oriented strand board together. Set the header level with a level.
- Nail a header between the studs and 2-by-6 ends. Make a window sill plate with 2-by-4-inch boards with 4-inch edges. Trimmer studs support headers and sill plates between the header and window sill or door bottom.
- Cut short studs to cover gaps between headers, top plates, sill plates, and bottom plates. Set these studs 16 inches from the outside studs or in the opening’s center. Fasten the finished frame to the wall using framing nails through the plates and into each stud.